Overview of Treatment Options
Overview of Treatment Options
With today's early detection and improved treatment techniques, we
can treat breast cancer more successfully than ever before.
The following overview of various therapies will help you understand
how and why they are used, alone or in combinations. This information
will make it easier for you to understand your physician's recommendations,
and arrive at a decision.
In the following days and weeks, as you explore this book, talk
with your healthcare professionals, and gather additional information,
you will begin to acquire the knowledge you need to make informed
Local treatments—surgery and radiation therapy—treat
cancer cells in the breast area only. But if there is reason to suspect
that cancer cells have traveled outside the breast area, you will
need a systemic treatment, using drugs that can reach all parts of
the body. This treatment can be in the form of chemotherapy (drugs
that kill cancer cells), hormonal therapy (drugs that prevent cancer
cells from growing), immunotherapy (drugs that help your body fight
off cancer), or a combination of these.
Do You Need
Why would you need additional therapy if there are no signs of tumor
spread to other areas? The problem with cancer is that as the tumor
grows, cancer cells can break away and travel down blood vessels or
lymph ducts to other parts of the body—much the same way as
seeds from a weed are carried away by the wind, or float down a river,
to grow somewhere else.
In the very early stages, these groups of break-away cells, called
micrometastases, are very small, and cannot be found by any test or
method that exists today. But if one waits until they grow into larger
tumors, called metastases, that can be confirmed by X-rays or CT scans,
then successful treatment becomes difficult.
So if there is any reason to suspect that cells from your tumor
had a chance to metastasize to other parts of your body before the
cancer was removed, you may be treated with chemotherapy or hormonal
therapy to destroy those tumor cells as soon as possible.
This brief overview was intended to give you a general idea of the
treatments available, and of the decision steps involved. Don't worry
if you feel confused by the new words and concepts presented here.
Most people do at first.
Planning your treatment should involve the entire team of specialists
who consulted on your case, as well as your partner or your loved
As your case progresses, your team of healthcare professionals will
review the information available, and discuss your case with you and
among themselves. You'll probably meet with various team members several
times, while they develop a recommendation for a course of treatment
that's best suited to your case.
The key thing to remember is that it is you who will make the final
decision, and all the members of the team need to respect it. That's
why it is so important for you to learn all you can about your disease.
The more information you can gather before you begin treatment, the
better you will feel about your decision, and the more active role
you'll be able to take.
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